Physical Restraint


Adopted 17th June 2019

Reviewed May 2021.

Reviewed May 2023

The next review date will be May 2025

Policy Statement

The KingsGate BOT is committed to ensuring staff and student well being is at the heart of our policies and procedures, while ensuring inclusive practices and a safe physical and emotional environment is provided for all. Therefore, the KingsGate School BOT, in line with the procedures set out in the “Education (Physical Restraint) Rules 2023”, allows teachers or authorised staff members to use physical restraint only as a last resort to ensure the safety of students and staff in accordance with the rules and guidelines.

Definition of Physical Restraint:

The Education and Training Act 2020 defines physical restraint as “...using physical force to prevent, restrict, or subdue the movement of a student’s body or part of the student’s body”. Therefore in accordance with the Act’s definition and in compliance with section 139A, KingsGate School prohibits the use of force (inclusive of corporal punishment) against any student as defined by the Act.


a. To reduce student distress and the use of physical restraints that has regard to the guidelines issued by the secretary for Education under section 101 of the Act.

b. To protect the well-being of staff and students.

c. To provide guidelines for the use of physical restraint when it is seen as a last resort.

d. To provide staff with guidelines and ideas for de-escalating serious situations.

e. To record any incidents of physical restraint and provide for debriefing of these incidents.

f. To provide a clear pathway for complaints.

g. To monitor the emotional impact of such an event on staff and students.



If any student, parent or caregiver is dissatisfied with the way an incident has been handled, they are encouraged to follow the school’s complaints procedure.

Note on Seclusion:

Seclusion is when a student is involuntarily placed alone in a room, at any time or for any duration, from which they cannot freely exit. Even if the door is not locked or blocked, there may be a level of authority or coercion which leads the student to believe that they cannot exit the room.

Seclusion is not the same as the use of timeout. Time-out can be when a student is asked to leave an activity or area because of their behaviour and go to another specified area where they must stay until told they can return. Time-out can also be when a student voluntarily takes themselves to an agreed space. With time-out, the room is not locked, and although the student may well understand that they should stay there, they also realise that they can leave the room at any time if they so choose. The point is that the student has a choice about whether to comply or not.

Seclusion is not to be used at KingsGate School.




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